Wednesday, August 16, 2006


ELECTRONIC LETTER BOX


INTRODUCTION

The ELECTRONIC LETTER BOX is a very useful gadget for homes and offices the circuit uses single Monolithic -555 in dual in line plastic package and a few external components.The main advantage of the letter box is we can find out the presence and absence of letter inside the box without opening the box.







PARTS LIST


INTEGRATED CIRCUIT
IC1---555

DIODES
D1-Red L.E.D

D2-Green LED

CAPACITORS CERAMIC
C1-.OI MFD


RESISTORS

R1-150E/.25W

R2-150E/.25W

PRESET
VR1-100KE

BULB
B1-9V BULB


LIGHT DEPENDED RESITOR

LDR


BATTERY

BI- 9V

WORKING

The L.D.R. is the most important part of this circuit.The Resistance of L.D.R.is miniumWhen the light falling on is maximum and its resistance is maximum when the lightfalling on is minimum.LD.R is connected to pin no2 of C-555.When the letter is insidethe letter box,the intencity of light falling on L.D.R.is minmium, so resistance is high , the voltage across the threshold pin no 6 goes above 2/3 VCC. The internal flip-flop resets and the output goes low and the red L.E.D is In the forwared biased condition emitting red light.In the absence of letter in the letter box, light falling on L.D.R. is maximum so resistance is low and the voltage across the threshold pin goes below 2/3 VCC. The internal flip-flop sets and its output goes high which forwared bias the green L.E.D. emitting green light.



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